Compression systems are used as treatment for a variety of circulatory and vascular issues, which can be eased by compression therapy products whether the symptoms are mild or severe. Disorders widely recognized as treatable with compression therapy include edema, lymphedema, PAD, chronic non-healing wounds, venous disease and others.
Wraps and bandaging
Venus stasis ulcers on the lower extremities, frequently seen in wound care facilities, have been shown to heal better when compression wraps are applied. To heal venous ulcers it is essential that edema (abnormally large fluid volume) is eliminated. Although there is some controversy regarding the most effective use of compression wraps for the treatment of venous stasis ulcers, when used with correct assessment between patient and caregiver, compression wraps are effective.
Negative pressure wound therapy
Commonly referred to as “wound suction,” negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) assists in healing difficult to treat wounds, particularly those not conducive to conventional wound dressings, such as large wound or one that would require frequent change of bandages. With NPWT, the negative pressure pump functions as a vacuum, creating a very tight seal on the skin around the wound. The pump applies negative pressure, creating a gentle vacuum on the wound that “suctions” out the unwanted and excess fluids.
Lymphedema is marked by swelling in various parts of the body, but usually occurs in the arms and legs. The swelling can become severe, resulting in the arm or leg becoming very large and heavy, possibly resulting in disability and disfigurement. Chronic inflammation can also result in fibrosis, and the area is highly susceptible to bacterial and systemic infections.
Lymphedema is commonly treated by increasing pressure on the limb, which promotes the lymphatics fluid uptake. Limb elevation is a simple method of treatment, using nothing more than gravity. Pressure on the limb can also be increased by applying special bandages, or through the use of medical compression stockings which stimulate blood flow.
Peripheral Artery Disease
Peripheral Artery Disease, or PAD, is most commonly caused by atherosclerosis, a hardening of the arteries. PAD occurs outside the heart in the peripheral arteries that keep your limbs supplied with blood, mostly affecting circulation in the legs and feet. One of the best ways to treat PAD is with graduated compression therapy, clinically proven speed up the healing process of ulcerative wounds.
Chronic venous insufficiency is the condition of leg veins being unable to pump an adequate amount of blood to the heart. Modern treatment primarily means using graduated compression to improve the circulation. Compression stockings are available in a variety of compressions. The correct compression should be determined after consultation with a medical professional. Stockings with high compression (over 20mm Hg) require a prescription.
Wounds that are the result of bed sores, ulcers, or those that follow cancer treatment, can be extremely stubborn during the healing process, and may in fact not heal at all. These types of wounds—those not responding to conventional treatment—are classified as being chronic or non-healing wound. For wounds to heal, they require an increased blood flow. When the flow is restricted, compression systems can be used to increase blood flow to the troubled area, thereby accelerating the healing process.